Houston's First Sit-in at TSU in 1960
Houston's First Sit-in was held in 1960 at Weingarten's grocery store lunch counter by 13 Texas Southern University students to protest Houston's segregation laws. The peaceful protest, organized by Eldreway Stearns, began on the TSU campus as the students marched down Cleburne Street to the grocery store counter. Stearns even called the police to report his group's actions to ensure the safety of his compatriots and that the protest would remain peaceful. The actions by these TSU students directly led to the desegregation of Houston and were a contributing factor to the signing of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. The grocery store no longer stands, but these students and those of other Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) left a permanent impression on the American Civil Rights Movement.