Technical Foul

Technical FoulIn basketball, a technical foul is the penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct or violations by team members on the floor or seated on the bench. The National Basketball Association (NBA) recognizes this as the official definition. There are many rules to the game of basketball. Different fouls are assessed for different rule infractions. Every player in the NBA must recognize the rules in place, or face being penalized. Multiple penalties can result in a player being ejected from the game.

A technical foul can be assessed for multiple reasons. Every player and coach is held accountable for their actions on and off the court. This includes the team as a whole. Generally, fouls are only assessed when a player, coach, trainer or team as a whole commits an unsportsmanlike error. For example, a player who argues with an official or commits an aggressive error on another player or spectator may be penalized. This includes purposely punching, kicking or forcefully throwing the basketball. The entire team may be penalized for illegal substitutions or having too many players on the court. If the Orlando Magic has more than five people on the court during game play, they may receive a foul. It is against the rules to have six or more players on the court while the basketball is in play.

Even coaches can commit errors and infractions. According to the official NBA rules, the coach’s position may be on or off the bench from the 28’ hash mark to the baseline. They are permitted between the 28’ has mark and the midcourt line to relay information to players but must return to the bench side of the 28’ hash mark immediately or be called for a non-sportsmanlike technical foul.

Even coaches can commit errors and infractions. According to the official NBA rules, the coach’s position may be on or off the bench from the 28’ hash mark to the baseline. They are permitted between the 28’ has mark and the midcourt line to relay information to players but must return to the bench side of the 28’ hash mark immediately or be called for a non-sportsmanlike technical foul.

To signal the violation of a rule resulting in a technical foul assessment, the official will make a “T” shape with one hand parallel to the floor and the other placed directly under that hand pointing up. Once the official has given the signal, they alert the scorers as to which player committed the foul. It is the job of the game scorers to record the action that takes place on the court. They are to keep a running summary of all points scored whether by field goal attempt or free throw. Scorers also record every personal and technical foul committed throughout the game.