World Aids Day Fact Sheet

RSS

• Today in the United States, more than 1.1 million people are living with HIV or AIDS, more than at any time in the epidemic’s 30-year history.

• In 2011, the World Health Organization estimated that worldwide, 34.2 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. An estimated 2.5 million people were newly infected, and 1.7 million people died of AIDS that year.

• New research shows that HIV positive people who are on treatment reduce the chances of passing the disease to others by as much as 96%.

• HIV stands for: Human. Immunodeficiency. Virus. HIV can hide for long periods of time in the cells of your body. It attacks your T-cells or CD4 cells and you need these cells to fight infections and disease. If HIV invades them, it will use them to reproduce, and then will destroy those cells.

• AIDS stands for: Acquired. Immuno. Deficiency. Syndrome. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection. People at this stage of HIV disease have badly damaged immune systems, which puts them at risk for opportunistic infections (OIs).

• HIV lives and reproduces in blood and other body fluids. The following fluids can contain high levels of HIV:

* Blood * Semen * Pre-seminal fluid * Breast milk * Vaginal fluids * Rectal (anal) mucus

Other body fluids and waste products, like feces, nasal fluid, saliva, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit, don’t contain enough HIV to infect you unless they have blood mixed in them and you have significant and direct contact with them.

• HIV is transmitted through body fluids: during sexual contact, during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding, and HIV can also enter through open sores.

• Every 12 seconds another person contracts HIV.

• On World AIDS Day 2012, President Obama pledged to put 6 million people on antiretroviral therapy through the PEPFAR program by 2013.

• The City of Cleveland is one of the largest area AIDS funders, disseminating over $2 million annually.

• The Office of HIV/AIDS Services has provided grant funding to over 40 area community-based agencies for prevention, education, and housing services to people affected by HIV/AIDS.