Basketball U on Halfcourt Offence
Posted Sep 17 2002 2:33PM
The basic objective in basketball is to score more points than your opponent. In a halfcourt offence, the offensive team wants to create situations for open shots, layups and defensive mismatches. Through proper ball movement, player movement and teamwork, teams can score in their halfcourt offensive sets.
Swinging the Ball
If a team has a star player, they may try to get him in situations where he has the ball and room to create a play. In an isolation play, four players stand on the weak side of the floor, bringing their defenders with them. The strong side is cleared out, allowing the offensive player to isolate or go one-on-one against the defensive player. Quick offensive players, such as Miami Heat guard Eddie Jones, often have isolation plays run for them. This player is the go-to guy, who can pass or create his own shot when the play breaks down. Great one-on-one players with size and court vision are able to see over the defence and pass out of a double-team situation.
Two-Man Game / Pick-and-Roll
One element of the two-man game is the pick-and-roll. A pick-and-roll, or screen-and-roll, is when an offensive player, often a forward, sets a pick or screen, usually near the foul line. The player with the ball, often a guard, drives directly toward the pick. The screener then rolls toward the basket and takes a pass from a teammate for an open shot. The Houston Rockets are able to run pick-and-rolls because their guards, Steve Francis and Cuttino Mobley, have the ability to run off the screen for a pull-up jumper, drive to the basket or pass to the forward who set the screen.
•He can shoot the ball if the shot is in his range.
The Sacramento Kings often utilize the high post offence because they have two big men, Vlade Divac and Chris Webber, who can pass the ball and shoot from the outside.
The triangle or triple-post offence is designed to bring out the best skills and talents of an individual player within the framework of a team offence. It assumes all players have the versatility to play any position on the court, which was possible for the Bulls with talented mid-sized players such as Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen.
The offence consists of constant player motion, cuts and passing. The object is to space the floor to create opportunities to drive, pass, shoot or cut. Players must recognize mismatches of size and/or quickness between the offensive player and the defensive player.
The offensive team sets up the triangle on the strong side with a low post player, a baseline player and a player on the 45-degree angle, forming a triangle. Each of these players, when they have the ball, has the option to shoot, pass or drive. If the ball is passed, the passer cuts to the basket or screens away for a weakside player. The passer is replaced in the triangle by a weakside cutter coming to the strong side. It is important that the floor is balanced and spaced for cutters and there is constant passing and movement by the offensive team.
The triangle offence often leaves the baseline open, where a great offensive player like Lakers guard Kobe Bryant likes to drive. If defensive help comes, Bryant can dump the ball off to centre Shaquille O'Neal for the dunk.